Indonesia had incredibly low levels of teledensity, a development indicator based on the number of telephone connection for every 100 inhabitants. The Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of Indonesia sought Nathan’s advice on how to raise the level, which had become a primary public policy goal for the government.

The Nathan team reviewed the regulatory structure for telecommunications and analyzed the effect of this structure on the availability of wireline and wireless telecommunication services. Building on global best practices, Nathan prepared a set of policy recommendations to move from a duopoly to a more competitive environment in wireline telephony.

Nathan determined the conditions that will allow and promote the evolution of telecommunications services for fixed and wireless communications to full competition. We delineated an appropriate staging process and identified the institutional, policy, and regulatory arrangements for competition to occur.

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