Recent Publications and Resources

Liquidity Toolkit: A Selection of Tools for USAID's Use in Promoting Liquidity

Liquidity Toolkit: A Selection of Tools for USAID’s Use in Promoting Liquidity

Liquidity—the ability for financial institutions, businesses, and individuals to access money—is a key indicator of a healthy financial system that supports economic growth. In times of crisis (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), a lack of liquidity threatens the entire economy. Emerging and developing markets are particularly hard hit, as capital moves to what is perceived as safer markets. For example, in developing Asia, foreign investors pulled an estimated $25 billion early on in the COVID-19 pandemic. The challenges for governments to implement appropriate stimulus become compounded, as some measures intended to help one problem can put strenuous demands on the ...
Women-Owned Businesses in Cross-Border E-Commerce: A Diagnostic Toolkit

Women-Owned Businesses in Cross-Border E-Commerce: A Diagnostic Toolkit

The growth of micro, small, and medium sized enterprises (MSMEs), especially women-owned enterprises, is critical to the growth of all economies in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) region. E-commerce, which covers both physical goods ordered online and digital goods and services delivered over internet platforms, offers an increasingly important avenue for the growth and internationalization of women owned MSMEs. Businesses that sell products or services online are able to access more markets. Global total e-commerce sales were around US $3.6 trillion in 2019, and the Asia-Pacific region is where much of the growth is. Supporting women-owned MSMEs engaged in cross-border ...
A Roadmap to Post COVID-19 Recovery for Nepal's Agri and Tourism Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

A Roadmap to Post COVID-19 Recovery for Nepal’s Agri and Tourism Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Nepal are crucial to the country’s economic growth; creating 2.36 million jobs and contributing to 22% of the country’s GDP. SMEs operating in the agricultural and tourism sectors are acutely suffering from the economic fallout of COVID-19. Nepal’s projected growth has dropped from 7% to just 2.5% during the COVID-19 crisis, due to slowed regional and domestic demand, a nosedive in remittance income, a complete standstill in tourist arrivals, and shrinking domestic and global investment. With the recent lifting of Nepal’s lock down, it will be important to support key sectors towards economic recovery ...
How Digitalization Can Address ASEAN’s Power Sector Challenges

How Digitalization Can Address ASEAN’s Power Sector Challenges

Digital technologies are transforming industries around the world, including the energy sector. Many experts and organizations including the International Energy Agency (IEA) believe that digitalization could mark a new era for energy, revolutionizing how energy systems are designed and operated and providing the tools for addressing critical challenges. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) faces its own specific set of energy challenges and digitalization can play a critical role in addressing these challenges and achieving ASEAN’s energy goals. This report is intended to help ASEAN and ASEAN Member States address high-priority power sector challenges through increased digitalization by providing ...
Study on APEC's Non-Binding Principles for Domestic Regulation of the Services Sector

Study on APEC’s Non-Binding Principles for Domestic Regulation of the Services Sector

APEC economies are committed to creating a policy and regulatory environment conducive to services markets. The services sector plays a vital role in the world economy, and is a significant driver of economic growth and poverty reduction. However, barriers to services trade are often found in domestic regulations, commonly referred to as ‘behind the border measures.’ These affect the entry and operations of both domestic and foreign services suppliers and can have economy-wide impacts. A key element for liberalizing trade in services is increased regulatory transparency. The improvement of regulatory transparency in the services sector is a priority element for ...
How will 2019 regulatory changes affect PFAS site cleanup & recovery? Read the article - National Law Review

PFAS Rolling into Regulation — National Law Review

Nathan experts Brian Henthorn and Christopher Loos explore the 2019 developments in regulations of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the United States, for the National Law Review. How will regulatory changes affect the pace of site cleanups and cost recovery? Do they pose challenges to sites where other contaminants are already being addressed? Read the article on the National Law Review website ...
Promoting women’s access to jobs, finance, and capital is critical to achieving lasting economic growth in APEC economies. Read the report.

Structural Reform Measures to Improve Women’s Access to Labor Markets, Finance and Capital

This report, prepared by Nathan for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Policy Support Unit, examines the process of structural reforms in APEC economies to remove barriers to women’s access to labor markets, finance, and capital. The report highlights the importance of sex-disaggregated data to inform policy change and evaluate policy effectiveness. It reviews key reforms in employment discrimination and restrictions, pay equity, childcare and eldercare services, flexible work, financial inclusion, access to assets and capital, credit worthiness, and business development services. Two case studies provide information on the process to reform and adopt new policies. The first case study examines ...
APEC Women@Work

APEC Women@Work

Policies and regulations can either serve as barriers to employment opportunities for women or help to ensure that women are able to access the same employment opportunities as men or mitigate obstacles and imbalances. This brief specifically examines how laws and regulations limit or enable women to enter, remain, and advance in the formal sector workforce in the APEC region, with an emphasis on access to wage employment and retention. The brief analyzes how employment and pay discrimination, regulatory employment restrictions, occupational standards, and sexual harassment can limit women’s wage employment. It also examines how laws and policies can support ...