Recent Publications and Resources

Report

Women’s Wage Employment in Developing Countries: Regulatory Barriers and Opportunities

Women are confronted by regulations and policies restricting their labor force participation. These policies impact their ability to earn an income and have decision-making power, as well as impacting the economy as a whole. This report examines legal and regulatory barriers that impede women from entering and or remaining in formal employment. Prepared by USAID’s Leadership in Public Financial Management II (LPFM II) project, this report includes promising policies, approaches, and recommended interventions for countries to address these issues as well as the economic impact of addressing the various employment barriers. Following a broader literature review and stakeholder consultations, the ...
Guide

USAID Customs Modernization Handbook: Applying Risk Management in the Cargo Processing Environment

Developed under USAID’s Leadership in Public Financial Management II (LPFM II) project, this Customs Modernization Handbook aims to provide a comprehensive guide for Customs agencies to develop an active risk management analysis framework in the cargo processing environment. This handbook complements USAID’s Establishing Risk Management/Cargo Selectivity Capability Handbook (2004), the first in a series of Customs handbooks developed from 2004-2011, including additional handbooks by Nathan Associates on Authorized Economic Operators (AEOs) and Post-clearance Audit (PCAs) Programs. The 2004 handbook provides a general plan of action for creating a specialized staff in Customs called a Cargo Selectivity Management Team (CMST). This ...
Report

Foreign Banks and Insurance Companies in Financial Sector Reform in Myanmar and Vietnam: Parallel Journeys, Divergent Paths

The goal of the USAID Burma Private Sector Development Activity (PSDA), implemented by Nathan, is to promote increased broad-based economic opportunities in Burma (Myanmar) by helping lay a foundation of economic governance and stakeholder engagement that promotes its transition to a market economy that is inclusive and sustainable and provides meaningful opportunities for Burma’s people to improve their lives. This paper, published as part of PSDA, explores the lessons for financial sector reform in Burma from the experiences in Vietnam, a country that began from a similarly inauspicious place. In terms of financial sector reform, a little-known feature of Burma and ...
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Monitoring and Implementing AEC Investment Policy in ASEAN’s Regional Treaties

The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint, produced as part of the USAID ASEAN Connectivity through Trade and Investment (US-ACTI) project, implemented by Nathan, emphasizes that the AEC should have “more transparent, consistent, and predictable investment rules, regulations, policies and procedures” (para. 28). To fulfill this objective, ASEAN’s regional investment agreements—whether in the form of standalone international investment agreements or investment chapters in ASEAN’s comprehensive free trade agreements (FTAs)—must be examined. The following three areas are of immediate significance to the monitoring and implementation of the ASEAN regional investment treaties: 1) Information transparency and coordination; 2) Treaty incompatibility; and 3) Monitoring, coordination, and ...
Report

APEC Women in Transportation Data Framework and Best Practices Report

In support of the Women in Transportation (WiT) initiative of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, Nathan has developed two documents: (1) the 2015 APEC WiT Data Framework and Best Practices Report, which presents a framework for benchmarking and tracking the participation and influence of women as transportation workers, entrepreneurs, leaders and travelers and (2) the 2017 APEC WiT Best Practices Compendium Update, which supplements the 2015 report to include more recent information about government and businesses’ efforts to increase women’s engagement in transportation. The WiT data framework has 5 pillars and 18 priority outcomes. The first four pillars are ...
Report

Facilitating Equity Crowdfunding in the ASEAN Region

This report, produced as part of the USAID ASEAN Connectivity through Trade and Investment (US-ACTI) project, implemented by Nathan, provides information and recommendations for member states in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which have not yet introduced equity crowdfunding (ECF) on the key issues they should consider in designing a regulatory framework for ECF; and for those ASEAN member states which have introduced a regulatory framework for ECF, provided information on developments in the regulation of ECF in other jurisdictions. ECF is emerging as an important mechanism to help bridge a major funding gap for small businesses. ECF provides an ...
Report

APEC Women in STEM: A Framework for Dialogue, Learning and Action

The APEC Women in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) activity is among APEC’s latest efforts to advance women’s economic empowerment throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Prepared by USAID’s US-APEC Technical Assistance to Advance Regional Integration (US-ATAARI) activity, this report sets forth an analytical framework for strengthening conditions for women in the STEM professions. The framework draws on experiences from APEC’s 21 economies, organizing challenges across the key issues of (1) Enabling Environment; (2) Education; (3) Employment; and (4) Entrepreneurship. Each section provides a set of potential interventions that economies, employers, educators and others may consider when undertaking changes and reforms ...
Report

Women’s Economic Participation in Peru: Achieving APEC Priorities for Gender Equality

USAID’s US-APEC Technical Assistance to Advance Regional Integration (US-ATAARI) activity prepared this report as part of APEC’s efforts to advance women’s economic empowerment. The assessment and report are framed around the five priority areas of the APEC Policy Partnership for Women and the Economy (PPWE): (1) access to capital and assets (2) access to markets (3) capacity, skills, and health, (4) leadership, voice and autonomy and (5) innovation and technology. The report complements Peru’s role as APEC host in 2016. Findings in this report articulate the strongest opportunities for effective, sustainable action that permits greater integration of women into long-term, ...
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