Recent Publications and Resources

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Poverty and Profits: CK Prahalad’s The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid

Thomas Timberg It’s true that governments and non-profit institutions perform certain functions because markets and pursuit of profit can’t do everything. It’s also true that many social needs are met on a market basis most of the time by competing businesses. Many do quite well serving the wealthy; others do quite well serving the poor. In fact, as C.K. Prahalad shows in The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, marketing to the poor,when it doesn’t undercut up-market brands,only adds to the bottom line. As good economists will tell you, “keep on selling until marginal cost exceeds marginal revenue.” Many ...
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WTO, Agriculture, and the Views of Developing Countries

Developing countries submitted negotiating proposals on various agricultural topics for WTO talks in 2001. Among the issues they advocated were binding preferential market access in developed country markets, eliminating domestic subsidies in developed country markets but allowing developing countries to use subsidies, allowing special and differential treatment when making commitments, addressing implementation concerns, and providing technical assistance ...
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USAID/Sri Lanka: Economic Growth & Conflict Assessment

This report presents the findings, conclusions, and recommendations arising from an assessment of economic growth and conflict sponsored by USAID/Sri Lanka in October and November 2006. The goal of the assessment was to develop recommendations for a robust yet conflict-sensitive approach to economic growth programming. The assessment team carried out research and fact finding in Sri Lanka and Washington, DC, and conducted more than 75 interviews with private sector, NGO, government and civil society representatives in cities and towns across Sri Lanka, including Colombo, Kurunegala, Kandy, Moneragala, Pottuvil, Hambantota, Matara, Galle, Vanatha Villu, Mahavilachchiya, Thantrimale, Anuradhapura, and Trincomalee. The report ...
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TCBaseline Customs Assessment Tool

TCBaseline allows experts to conduct concise and cost-effective assessments of a country’s customs and border operations and procedures from both the qualitative and quantitative perspectives and establish a baseline against which to measure the success of technical assistance and training. The tool can be used by a small assessment team and generate results in two to three weeks without sacrificing quality or breadth of analysis ...
Graphic Nathan Associates

Bringing HOPE to Haiti’s Apparel Industry

Thirty years ago, Haiti’s apparel industry was a reliable supplier of assembled goods to the U.S. market and employed as many as 100,000 workers. The intervening years have been difficult ones in Haiti. Meanwhile, businesses around the world have built competitive global supply chains and the global rules of trade have been rewritten. In this context, what trade advantages, if any, does Haiti’s apparel industry have and what are its strengths? To answer this question, author Lynn Salinger analyzed Haiti’s trade advantages under the HOPE II Act, the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Agreement, and the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade ...
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The Tax System in Mozambique

This study forms part of an evaluation of government performance in achieving the objectives of the country’s poverty reduction strategy (PARPA II). The goal of that strategy is to promote rapid and sustainable growth that improves standards of living and welfare for the people of Mozambique. The study examines the impact of the tax system on revenue mobilization, investment, savings, job creation, and private sector development, with special attention on small and medium enterprises, as well as the issue of tax equity. The study draws on a review of the tax laws and other documents and studies relating to the ...
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Competing Means Making Smart Business Decisions

MYPE Competitiva Guides help Peruvian Entrepreneurs How can micro, small, and medium enterprises take advantage of trade-led growth opportunities? Free trade agreements, such as the Peru Trade Promotion Agreement signed with the United States, create export opportunities for businesses ready to compete in international markets. But many MSMEs yearning to compete lack the information and tools necessary for smart business decisions. In a collection of seven volumes covering everything from how to write a business plan to how to use trademarks, Nathan Associates’ MYPE Competitiva project offers MSMEs a comprehensive approach to developing the skills and resources necessary to compete ...
Graphic Nathan Associates

Is the Flat Tax Right for Mozambique?

There is widespread concern in the business community in Mozambique that the tax system is a serious impediment to private investment and business expansion, particularly for companies that do not benefit from special fiscal incentives. Under the standard fiscal regime, the combination of corporate profits and tax on dividend income creates an onerous combined tax rate of 53.8 percent on profits that are distributed to shareholders. At the same time, investors who qualify for fiscal incentives face much lower effective tax rates, varying by sector and region. By narrowing the tax base, these preferences necessitate higher tax rates on other ...